Background:
Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is Pakistan’s 2. national hero. He was born 9th. November 1877 in Sialkot, Pakistan. Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s father’s name was Sheikh Noor Muhammad and his mother’s name was Imam Bibi.

Allama Iqbal’s Marriages and kids:
Allama Iqbal married three times. His first marriage was in 1895 when he was 18 years old. His wife was Karim Bibi. They had two children a daughter, Miraj Begum (1895–1915), and a son, Aftab Iqbal (1899–1979). His second marriage was with Mukhtar Begum. They had a son, but both died shortly after birth in 1924. Later he married Sardar Begum. They had a son named Javed Iqbal (1924–2015).

Education:
He got educated in Sialkot and Lahore, then later at Cambridge. He practiced law for many years in Lahore, the city he had adopted as his home after completion of his Ph.D. from Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich in 1907.

Story:
Allama Iqbal followed different professions throughout his career. He worked as a professor of philosophy, participated in politics, practiced law and joined the round table conference. Later he became the national poet, he wrote not only in Urdu but also in Persian. He presented the idea of Pakistan “separating the homeland for Muslims in 1930”. He was the poet of the East, who believed in Wahdat-ul-Wajood. He brought forward the philosophy of Khudi, called self-realization.

Khudi ko kar buland itna ke har taqder se pehle
Khuda bande se khud pooche bata teri raza kya hai

Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal rose the voice from Muslims of India when the British were controlling them. He emphasized on education and social problems.

His poetry brainstormed Indian Muslims over the religion of Islam and opened their eyes. Iqbal came to England in 1932. At that time Quaid-e-Azam was in England also, so Iqbal came to him and asked for his personal views on problems. Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s letter was powerful with irreplaceable words and power of thoughts. Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal passed away 21st of April, 1938. He is buried in the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.

Most famous books or poetry of Iqbal’s are:

  • Shikwa,
  • Jawab-e-shikwa,
  • Armaghan-e-Hijaz,
  • Bal-e-Jibrael 
  • Khudi

Quiz

Here is a quiz about Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Click on start to see how much you have understood about Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal.

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Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal

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When did Allama Iqbal present the idea of Pakistan?

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Which languages did he write in?

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He got educated first in Cambridge then later Sialkot and Lahore. True or false

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How man times did Iqbal marry?

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His first wife was Karim bibi true or false?

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When and where was Allama Iqbal born?

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When did Allama Iqbal die?

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What was Iqbal's mother's name?

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What was the first Poet he wrote and is famous as well?

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What was Iqbal's Father's name?

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